Fred received his Master degree in Economics from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Upon his graduation, Fred went to work in the external audit services of PricewaterhouseCoopers. After PricewaterhouseCoopers, Fred joined the Internal Audit Services of Intergraph Corporation, and was responsible for the internal audit of the European subsidiaries as well as special projects such as implementation of Sarbanes Oxley act 2002. Fred returned to professional services after Intergraph, in which he has accumulated a wealth of experience in serving mostly financial services clients in Internal Audit, Risk Management and Compliance assignments.Fred is a Chartered Accountant (The Netherlands); Certified Internal Auditor extended with financial services specialty within the Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) and holds the accreditation by the IIA for conducting Internal/External Quality Assessment Reviews of an internal audit department. Fred represents Protiviti Netherlands at the IIA’s council of Quality Assessors (Dutch Chambers).