Protiviti and ISACA Study Reveals Disparity Between Growth of IT in Business and Auditing of IT Risks

Press Release

Survey highlights the evolving role of IT audit professionals

​MENLO PARK, Calif., Nov. 19, 2014 – Although organizations have made strides in establishing best practices for the IT audit function, many are struggling to keep pace with global IT risks amid rapidly changing technology environments, according to a joint survey from global consulting firm Protiviti ( and global IT association ISACA ( The fourth annual IT Audit Benchmarking Survey examines how organizations are assessing and mitigating critical business and technology risks. The global survey reflects the sentiments of more than 1,300 IT audit executives and professionals worldwide.

“Concerns over cybersecurity, industry disruptors and regulatory compliance have moved many organizations, and audit committees in particular, to become more engaged in the IT audit function,” said David Brand, a Protiviti managing director and the firm’s global IT audit leader. “We see some positive trends in our results, notably in the number of designated IT audit directors and their regular attendance at audit committee meetings. However, we also see significant gaps to be addressed, including the frequency with which IT audit risk assessments are conducted.”

Top Technology Challenges

In the survey, respondents provided their views on the top technology challenges faced by their organizations today. These challenges serve as an undercurrent for most of the findings in the study. The top ten global IT challenges are:

  1. ​​IT security and privacy/cybersecurity
  2. ​Resource/staffing/skills challenges​
  3. ​Emerging technology and infrastructure changes: transformation, innovation, disruption
  4. ​​Regulatory compliance
  5. ​​Budgets and controlling costs
  6. ​​IT governance and risk management
  7. ​​Big data and analytics
  8. ​​Vendor, third-party and outsourcing risks
  9. ​Cloud computing/ virtualization
  10. ​Bridging IT and the business

“Companies cannot ignore the significant security and privacy risks that face their business today,” said Brand. “Based on the survey results, more organizations are recognizing the mission-critical nature of IT internal audit in combating these risks, yet many companies are simply not institutionalizing the processes needed to support this function.”

Establishing Organization-Wide Support for IT Audit

According to the survey, more than half of the largest public companies surveyed have a designated IT Audit Director or equivalent position within their organizations, and 48 percent reported that these individuals regularly attend audit committee meetings – a number that has doubled over the past three years. Additionally, respondents indicated that their audit committees have increased their involvement in the IT risk assessment process, with 20 percent reporting significant involvement as compared to 14 percent in 2013.

“The increased resources and attention to IT audit is a positive sign that companies of all sizes around the world are recognizing the significant benefits of this critical function,” said Robert E. Stroud, CGEIT, CRISC, international president of ISACA and vice president of strategy and innovation at CA Technologies. “Even though organizations have different goals and operate in different marketplaces, there are many common pain points and risks, such as fraud, cybersecurity incidents, rising costs, project success/failure, outsourcing issues and regulatory requirements that can be addressed with effective IT audit management.”

Small Gains in IT Audit Risk Assessments

The ISACA/Protiviti survey reveals a modest uptick in the number of organizations that update their IT audit risk assessment on a continual basis. However, this number still remains low – around 15 percent – for even the largest companies.

“Most of these organizations are updating their IT audit risk assessments only once a year,” added Brand. “Leading companies are tackling this project once a quarter, and although we expected more companies to follow suit, it has not been the case. Consider that new IT risks are emerging constantly. The most streamlined way to anticipate and counter these risks is through a formal update of the IT audit risk assessment.”

Additional Highlights

Other research findings of note include:

  • Globally, respondents cited COBIT as the most accepted industry framework on which the IT audit risk assessment is based, followed by COSO, ISO and SOGP. In practice, organizations may utilize a combination of these frameworks to complete their risk assessments.
  • Across every region and size of respondent organization, lack of resources ranks as the top reason why companies are using outside resources to augment their IT audit skills – and in fact, the percentages are very consistent. These findings are also in line with the top technology challenges outlined above.

“Leveraging the right skills and IT audit specialists is imperative to ensure a truly risk-based approach that’s relevant to the IT challenges facing organizations today,” said Brand. “The lack of necessary skills can often predispose internal audit functions to focus on traditional areas where they have the capability to deliver, rather than the most critical, value-adding areas.”

About the Report

Protiviti and ISACA conducted the fourth annual IT Audit Benchmarking Survey during the third quarter of 2014. This global survey includes insights from 1,330 IT audit leaders across the globe, including chief audit executives, IT audit vice presidents and directors. The survey consisted of a series of questions grouped into five categories: Today’s Top Technology Challenges; IT Audit in Relation to the Internal Audit Department; Assessing IT Risks; Audit Plan; Skills and Capabilities.

The survey report, an infographic highlighting key results and a short video are available for complimentary download at and

Webinar and Podcast

Key insights from the survey will be discussed by Protiviti's David Brand and ISACA’s Director of Privacy and Assurance Practices Nancy Cohen in a complimentary webinar on December 2, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. PST. Please register at Additionally, Protiviti has produced a podcast featuring Protiviti’s Brand and ISACA’s Stroud. Please visit to listen or download the complimentary podcast.


With more than 115,000 constituents in 180 countries, ISACA® ( helps business and IT leaders build trust in, and value from, information and information systems. Established in 1969, ISACA is the trusted source of knowledge, standards, networking, and career development for information systems audit, assurance, security, risk, privacy and governance professionals. ISACA offers the Cybersecurity Nexus™, a comprehensive set of resources for cybersecurity professionals, and COBIT®, a business framework that helps enterprises govern and manage their information and technology. ISACA also advances and validates business-critical skills and knowledge through the globally respected Certified Information Systems Auditor® (CISA®), Certified Information Security Manager® (CISM®), Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT® (CGEIT®) and Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control™ (CRISC™) credentials. The association has more than 200 chapters worldwide.


About Protiviti

Protiviti ( is a global consulting firm that delivers deep expertise, objective insights, a tailored approach, and unparalleled collaboration to help leaders confidently face the future. Protiviti and its independent and locally owned Member Firms provide clients with consulting and managed solutions in finance, technology, operations, data, digital, legal, governance, risk and internal audit through its network of more than 85 offices in over 25 countries.

Named to the 2022 Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work For® list, Protiviti has served more than 80 percent of Fortune 100 and nearly 80 percent of Fortune  500 companies. The firm also works with smaller, growing companies, including those looking to go public, as well as with government agencies. Protiviti is a wholly owned subsidiary of Robert Half (NYSE: RHI). Founded in 1948, Robert Half is a member of the S&P 500 index.

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Kathy Keller
Kathy Keller