The latest survey of C-level executives and directors conducted by Protiviti and North Carolina State University’s ERM Initiative on the macroeconomic, strategic and operational risks that organisations face indicates a challenging year lies ahead.
Overall, 825 C-level executives and directors participated in this year’s global study, with 55 percent representing companies based outside of North America. As with our prior surveys, the results captured significant uncertainties by industry, executive position, company size and type, and geographic area. Overall, the important message is that the survey participants noted an increasingly risky global business environment in 2019 compared to 2018.
Consistent with prior years, boards and C-suite executives presented a range of views on the magnitude and severity of risks for 2019. This finding suggests the need for dialogue at the highest levels of the organisation to ensure everyone agrees on the risks most critical to the enterprise.
In the table provided below, we rank the highest-rated risk themes in order of priority to provide a context for understanding the most critical uncertainties companies face as the year 2019 gets underway. Below we summarise five key takeaways:
Global business environment is riskier in 2019 — Survey respondents indicate that the overall global business context is somewhat riskier in 2019 relative to the two prior years. Our prior-year survey respondents only rated seven of the top 10 risks higher for 2018 relative to 2017. However, for 2019, respondents rated every top 10 risk higher for 2019 relative to 2018. A majority of respondents rated each of the top 10 risks as a “significant impact” risk, using our survey methodology. Likewise, risk levels for the top 10 risks in 2019 were higher than in 2017. That suggests a potential shift in views about the relative riskiness of 2019 compared to the past two years.
Nature of concerns over uncertainty varies across the world — Overarching views about uncertainty in the business environment seem to be global in reach. Survey respondents in North America identified the same top five risks as reported globally, with resistance to change and cyber risk in the fourth and fifth spots, respectively. Respondents in Europe placed regulatory risk in the top spot and ranked economic conditions as the fourth-highest risk, with cyber risk, competitor risk and talent risk rounding out the top five risks. Meanwhile, respondents in Asia reported big data and supply chain issues as top five concerns along with talent risk, regulatory risk and competitor risk. Respondents in Australia and New Zealand, Latin America, the Middle East, and India reported the same top risks as the global results, except for cyber risk; in its place is the risk of disruptive innovation.
Firms are more likely to invest in risk management — Interestingly, respondents indicate that they are more likely to devote additional time or resources to risk identification and management over the next 12 months relative to their plans in the prior year, suggesting a greater desire to invest in strengthening risk management capabilities. That is especially true for financial services organisations as well as the largest organisations (revenues greater than US$10 billion) in our sample. Individuals serving on boards indicate the greatest desire to devote additional time or resources to risk management, perhaps to better inform their risk oversight processes. The overall reality of the riskiness of the global business environment continues to motivate boards and senior executives to renew their focus on effective risk oversight.
Regulatory concerns persist, and economic concerns vary across the globe — Survey respondents (particularly in Europe) remain troubled over the threat of regulatory change and increased scrutiny, which has been a top 10 risk in all seven years of the survey. But for the first time, concerns about economic conditions fell out of the top 10 list of risks for 2019 for the overall survey. Despite that finding for the overall sample, respondents in Europe, Latin America and South America, the Middle East, and Africa did include economic concerns as a top five risk concern for 2019. Perceptions of economic risks are like a swinging pendulum, as they can change quickly over a short period as new developments transpire (including after our survey period). Interestingly, board members and chief executive officers rated economic conditions as a top five risk, ranking it in the third and fourth spots, respectively.
In summary, we encourage interested parties to read the executive summary of our survey results to learn more. Looking forward, the message is that digital disruption and changing demographics are major drivers of risk impacting uncertainty over business model viability, customer preferences, the competitive landscape, workplace dynamics and even regulatory demands. It’s clear that organisations must align their culture, people, processes and intelligence-gathering to embrace this rapidly changing business environment.
Risks have increased, both individually and overall, pointing to a perceived higher-risk environment over the next year. The mix of the top 10 risks is largely unchanged, but the ranking order has shifted. Seven of the top risks are operational in nature, and the other three are strategic. The top risks also vary in different regions across the globe. It all adds up to exciting times ahead.
Questions for Boards
How Protiviti Can Help
We assist boards and executive management in identifying and assessing the enterprise’s risks and implementing strategies and tactics for managing risk. Also, we assist public and private companies with integrating their risk assessment process with their core business processes, including strategy-setting and execution, business planning, and performance management. We provide an experienced, unbiased perspective on issues separate from those of company insiders to help organisations improve their risk reporting to better inform the board’s risk oversight process.
 Executive Perspectives on Top Risks for 2019, Protiviti and North Carolina State University’s ERM Initiative.
(Board Perspectives: Risk Oversight - Issue 111)